3 Bunja, trim, Dalmatia, Hvar; Croatia

The stone object from Zadar, over Šibenik to the island of Brac is named bunja. Typical bunja has stepped roof with gravel on the top surface. Mostly it is incorporated into the walls.
Inner construction is typical corbelling, shelters are outside very different.

Very important composition can be found on the island of Žirje (in front of Šibenik), where two or three units are composed together. In the area can be found 'Šuplja gromila', small rectangular shelter incorporated into the bigger wall. Similarity to the objects alike (in Puglia, in Caucasus) shows the possible age: the same objects in Italy are dated back to 3rd and 7th century AD, in Caucasus to 13th.

Trim is stone shelter on the island of Hvar.
The island is very poor on the fertile soil, and every part of the field could be solved with hard work: dry stone walling. There is no soil and no water too: but the rain can be catch into the cisterns. Trim and cisterns are the most common element of the architecture on the island.

Between the fields (lavender) or vineyards on the plain, stone walls are in use as runways.

Construction is mostly circular, with stepped roofs. Staircases and ramps are very often, because roofs were in use for drying the fruit.
A lot of details are on Hvar very important for vernacular architecture: niches, entrances, windows, slings, wells and the most important detail: discharging elements above the lintel are typical for trim.

bunja, model (Sibenik)
bunja near Sibenik (Dalmatia) 1999
bunja North of Sibenik (Dalmatia) 1999
bunja North of Sibenik (Dalmatia) 1999
bunja, not far from Sibenik (Dalmatia) 1999
bunja in the island of Zirje, near Sibenik, 1999
trim on the island of Hvar (2oo4)
trim high on the plateau of the island of Hvar (2oo4)
trim near Stari Grad, island of Hvar (2oo4)
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